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In 2015, Delvina, supported by a team of resilience professionals, developed and validated a new measure for resilience, the Resilience Success Assessment (RSA). Their efforts were driven by the fact that while college students face significant adversity, research suggests that enhancing internal protective factors, such as self-efficacy, may help buffer the effects of stressors experienced by students in the higher education environment. The RSA was developed to provide a tool for assessing the level of resilience protective factors present in the individual student’s life, so that one might better understand personal strengths as well as know where to direct support and growth. In addition, this RSA was also developed in direct response to literature addressing the urgent need for valid resilience assessments designed to measure specific populations. The RSA is the only resilience assessment that was developed to measure the factors of resilience most relevant and important for the college student population, and unlike most programs, the target population (undergraduate and graduate college students) were also involved in the selection of this assessment.


The team used a latent variable approach that used manifest variables as the indicator of the latent in a formal measurement model. A structural equation approach to confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the covariance matrix of the intercorrelations of the indicators as a method identifying substandard candidate items and as a final test of the structural validity of the final scale.

The result of a confirmatory factor analysis provided the basis for designing a five-item measure of each of seven domains (7 Building Blocks of Resilience). The five scales showed acceptable reliability for short scale. The factor analysis also provided a basis for creating an abbreviated scale consisting of one item for each of seven domains, selected as the highest factor loading of the confirmatory factor analysis. The two versions of the resiliency scale study showed some evidence of structural validity and discriminate validity.